Cartoteca General : GEODOC Guide  
 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

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Antàrtida

Oceania
Austràlia
Fiji
Kiribati
Nauru
Nova Zelanda
Papua-Nova Guinea
Salomó
Samoa Occidental
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
Palau
Clipperton (F)
Illes Cook (NZ)
Guam (USA)
Hawaii (USA)
Illes xilenes del Pacífic
Macquarie (Austràlia)
Marianes septentrionals (USA)
Marshall
Micronèsia, Estats Federats
Midway (USA)
Niue (NZ)
Norfolk (Austràlia)
Nova Caledònia (F)
Pitcairn (UK)
Polinèsia francesa
Samoa (USA)
Tokelau (NZ)
Wake i altres illes (USA)
Wallis i Futuna (F)

Amèrica del Sud
Argentina
Bolívia
Brasil
Colòmbia
Equador
Guyana
Paraguai
Perú
Surinam
Trinitat i Tobago
Uruguai
Veneçuela
Xile
Aruba (NL)
Guaiana (F)
Illes Malvines (UK)
Curaçao i Bonaire (NL)

Amèrica del Nord
i Central

Antigua i Barbuda
Bahames
Barbados
Belize
Canadà
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominicana, Rep.
El Salvador
Estats Units d'Amèrica
Deps. antillanes diverses (USA)
Illes Verges (USA)
Puerto Rico (USA)
Grenada
Guatemala
Haití
Hondures
Jamàica
Mèxic
Nicaràgua
Panamà
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent i les Grenadines
Anguilla (UK)
Antilles holandeses
Bermudes (UK)
Caiman (UK)
Grenlàndia (DK)
Guadalupe (F)
Illes Verges (UK)
Martinica (Fran?a)
Montserrat (UK)
St Kitts-Nevis
Saint-Pierre
i Miquelon (F)

Turks i Caicos (UK)

Àfrica
Àfrica Central i Meridional
Àfrica del Nord-est
Àfrica del Nord-oest
Algèria
Burkina
Angola
Benín
Botswana
Burundi
Camerun
Cap Verd
Centrafricana, Rep.
Comores
Congo, Rep. Pop.
Costa d'Ivori
Djibouti
Egipte
Etiòpia
Gabon
Gàmbia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea Equatorial
Kenya
Lesotho
Libèria
Líbia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Marroc
Mauritània
Maurici
Moçambic
Níger
Swazilàndia
Nigèria
Rwanda
Sao Tomé i Príncipe
Seychelles
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Somàlia
Sud-Àfrica
Sudan
Tanzània
Togo
Tunísia
Txad
Uganda
Congo, Rep. Dem.
Zàmbia
Zimbabwe
Eritrea
Mayotte (F)
Namíbia
Reunion (F)
Santa Helena
i dependències (UK)

Àsia
Àsia del Sud-est
Orient Mitjà
Llunyà Orient
Subcontinent Indostànic
Àsia Central
Afganistan
Aràbia Saudita
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Myanmar
Cambotja
Corea del Nord
Corea del Sud
Emirats Àrabs Units
Filipines
Iemen
Índia
Indonèsia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Japó
Jordània
Kuwait
Laos
Líban
Malàisia
Maldíves
Mongòlia
Nepal
Oman
Pakistan
Qatar
Singapur
Síria
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Tailàndia
Turquia
Rússia
Viet Nam
Xina
Xipre
Brunei
Christmas (Austràlia)
Cocos (Austràlia)
Territoris Britànics
de l'Oceà Índic

Gaza
Armènia
Azerbaidjan
Geòrgia
Kazakhstan
Kirguizistan
Tadjikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

Europa
Albània
Alemanya
Andorra
Àustria
Bèlgica
Bulgària
Ciutat del Vaticà
Dinamarca
Fer-Oer (DK)
Finlàndia
França
Grècia
Hongria
Irlanda
Islàndia
Itàlia
Liechtenstein
Luxemburg
Malta
Monaco
Noruega
Dependències àrtiques noruegues
Països Baixos
Polònia
Portugal
Regne Unit
Illa de Man (UK)
Illes del Canal (UK)
Gibraltar (UK)
Romania
San Marino
Serbia
Suècia
Suïssa
Eslovàquia
Txèquia
Rússia
Estònia
Letònia
Lituània
Bielorrússia
Bòsnia i Hercegovina
Croàcia
Eslovènia
Macedònia
Montenegro

Espanya
Andalusia
Aragó
Astúries
Balears
Canàries
Cantàbria
Castella-Lleó
Castella-la Mancha
Ceuta, Melilla
Extremadura
Galícia
Madrid
Múrcia
Navarra
País Basc
País Valencià
Rioja

Catalunya
Baix Llobregat
Barcelonès
Maresme
Vallès Occidental
Vallès Oriental
Alt Empordà
Baix Empordà
Garrotxa
Gironès
Selva
Pla de l'Estany
Alt Camp
Alt Penedès
Baix Penedès
Garraf
Tarragonès
Baix Camp
Conca de Barberà
Priorat
Ribera d'Ebre
Baix Ebre
Montsià
Terra Alta
Cerdanya
Osona
Ripollès
Anoia
Bages
Berguedà
Solsonès
Garrigues
Noguera
Segarra
Segrià
Urgell
Pla d'Urgell
Alt Urgell
Pallars Jussà
Pallars Sobirà
Vall d'Aran
Alta Ribagorça

The Catalogue is an instrument of reference of the Map Library that will help you to choose the documents you want to consult in relation to your territorial studies. Using this catalogue is very easy. You just have to have elementary knowledge of geography, because the Catalogue only offers you a classification of the documents by geographical areas. Therefore, you will have to search for the document in the catalogue through the total or partial area matched to your study zone. You will always have to direct your search on the basis of a specific geographical area.


 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

The areas of the Catalogue that classify the documents and their hierarchical structurel, are a result of the division of the emerged lands of the globe in continents, countries and territories as they appear in the last version of the popular Atlante Calendario de Agostini (Novara, Istituto Geografico de Agostini, 1905-...). In the case of the Map Library, we have just applied some slight changes. We have added a couple of levels to the hierarchy: Earth-Continent-Country/Territory. Regarding our country, the levels have been extended until Autonomous Communities for Spain and Regions for Catalonia. On the other hand, we have created subcontinental areas for Africa and Asia.

On this page you also have also a complete list with the areas of reference of the Catalogue. You can access it pressing the area you want to consult. We also advise you to use the navigation charts.

  Alta Ribagorça
 

Through the navigator chart, which appears at the top of every page, you can go to the lower hierarchical level from the invariable planisphere that will be showed every time you access the Catalogue. Furthermore, in the hierarchy of the Catalogue, you can ascend from any area pressing the icons at the left side or top of the map. In the navigator of the world area, we have also put two of the most requested areas: Spain and Catalonia. Finally, when you are definitely on an area, you can move to the neighbouring areas pressing their names from the same navigator chart.


 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

Seeing the enclosed list, you can check that the number of areas of reference of the Catalogue is fixed and finite. However, on the Earth, we can define infinite geographical areas to study. You will see that the defined geographical area of your study won’t match up with what this Catalogue offers you: Montserrat, Rome, the Danube... In a case like this you will have to use your elementary geographical knowledge to develop the geographic strategy imposed by this Catalogue.

Firstly, it is necessary to identify the area or areas of the Catalogue according to your study. If your area belongs to two or more areas of the Catalogue, you will have to examine the list offered by every area. For example, if you want maps of The Alps you will have to consult the lists of France, Italy, Switzerland and Austria. If your area of interest is included in one of the areas of the Catalogue, you will also have to identify the most suitable area for them. For example, if you want a plane of Rome you will have to see the list of Italy,understanding the documents that cover that city are more than the documents title ’Rome’, that is to say, Rome will be represented in different scales in the Italy area.

Sometimes, the title of a document hasn’t got enough information to choose it. For example, it’s very usual to find maps whose title is ’Spain’ and they represent all the Iberian Peninsula, Canary Islands and a part of France. If its scale is 1:500 000, this map will appear at the geographical area of Spain in the Catalogue, but the same map will also have to appear in the area of Portugal because its bibliographic information is as important for Spain as for Portugal. Moreover, this map will appear in the list of documents of the biggest Autonomous Communities of Spain. This map and, on that scale, enables territorial studies of Aragón, Andalucía, Galicia, etc. However, it only lets locate precise small places like Ceuta, Melilla or Andorra. In conclusion, the search of maps through their title could not be completed. The areas of classification of this catalogue help to make maximum use of the geographical areas represented in every map.

Sometimes, the title of a document hasn’t got enough information to choose it. For example, it’s very usual to find maps whose title is ’Spain’ and they represent all the Iberian Peninsula, Canary Islands and a part of France. If its scale is 1:500 000, this map will appear at the geographical area of Spain in the Catalogue, but the same map will also have to appear in the area of Portugal because its bibliographic information is as important for Spain as for Portugal. Moreover, this map will appear in the list of documents of the biggest Autonomous Communities of Spain. This map and, on that scale, enables territorial studies of Aragón, Andalucía, Galicia, etc. However, it only lets locate precise small places like Ceuta, Melilla or Andorra. In conclusion, the search of maps through their title could not be completed. The areas of classification of this catalogue help to make maximum use of the geographical areas represented in every map.

Occasionally, you will have to consider the title. This case is presented when you need smaller areas than the areas offered by the Catalogue. For example, if you search for a general plan of Paris (we have got several of them) you will see quickly that a specific area doesn't exist in the Catalogue. You should examine the corresponding list of the area of France.

On the other hand, you have to use your geographical elements of analysis for choosing the suitable level from the hierarchy areas among the areas of the Catalogue. If you want to consult cartography of The Danube Basin, we advise you to check the list of documents offered by the area of Europe as a whole, before opening every one of the countries that cover the basin: Germany, Austria, ..., Rumania. Almost certainly you will have enough with what you find in "Europe".

Also, the scale of the map suggests the level of detail that the map has, therefore, the utilities that it will offer you for making your study. It is because of this reason we have used the scale as the main element for classifying documents. In the Map Library there are not documents which we can't assign a scale to. We would like to place on record that in the Map Library we don't collect all the graphic documents that are represented through a scale. The biggest scale is 1:500 and the smallest one is 1:200 000 000. Other scales bigger than 1:500 are considered graphic designs of architecture and engineering. Neither do we collect planispheres whose size is smaller than DIN A4.

Finally, we have to talk about the treatment of maritime areas in the Catalogue. The navigation charts have been referred to the areas of the Catalogue which they touch in accordance with their scale.


 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

On every page of the Catalogue you will find the type of the available documents (atlases and/or maps) for every area of reference. If we considered the subject expressed by every title, the thematic list would be never-ending. Due to this reason, in the Map Library we have established a fixed and closed thematic classification. There are eight thematic categories and every document must be assigned to one and only one of them:

Topographical Maps
Normally, the topographic documents always present the altimetry of the territory by contour lines. Moreover, topographic maps have to show a selection of geographic objects which permit us to have a general and multipurpose approximation to the real territory. The usualest objects are: buildings, the communication ways, hydrographic networks, services mains (channels, electric lines, etc.), land uses, administrative boundaries. The most popular examples of topographic maps are edited by official cartographic services of every country, region or city as documents used by the civil services, the army and any kind of public.

Planimetric Maps
Planimetric documents present a selection of informative stratums like that is presented by topographic maps excluding the altimetry. The most popular examples of this category are the city plans and the cadastral maps.

Maps of Communications
In the maps of communications the informative coverage that represents the communication ways (roads, railways, navigable channels, etc. is the main information. The highest level of detail is concentrated in those geographic objects regarding other complementary informative coverages such as natural parks, centres of population, etc. The communication ways are represented by different symbols according to their state of conservation, administrative category, distance, etc. It is very usual to find distances labelled on the map. Several road maps are hackneyed examples of this category.

Single Feature Maps
In the strict definition, the maps that should be included in this category would have to present only one type of geographic object. Some illustrative examples offer only the municipal, provincial or international boundaries of the territory. Another kind of single feature maps would be able to be the maps produced to represent only the physical configuration of the landscape; they would be called "relief maps", but they don't have to be confused for the "topographic maps". Very often, in this category, we accept maps that present other informative coverages that can be considered as complementary information to the main coverage.

Thematic Maps of Physical Geography
Thematic maps of physical geography are maps designed to demonstrate physical features of the territory that are caused apart from the development of the society. The natural phenomena that they can represent are diverse: geological age, natural o spontaneous vegetation, zoological species. It's very usual to find a regulated system of symbols that has been validated by the tradition in its applications.

Thematic Maps of Human Geography
Thematic maps of human geography are classified maps designed to represent social phenomena or derived from activities of the human society; for example: land uses, environmental pollution, urban planning, income per capita, population density, election results. The greatest production of this kind of maps is spreaded through thematic atlases.

Maps of Special Functionality
The category of maps for special functions includes all of those documents that don't show enough detail or precision for being included in any of the previous categories. Therefore, the information represented by these maps can be very diverse. Several advertising maps, school maps, or below other singular functions don't need a well controlled degree of accuracy because they don't pretend offer high level of precision to the users.

Imagery Based Maps
Imagery based maps are products such as the ortophotomaps and the ortoimages. These geographic documents don't present the territory on a symbolic, selective and abstract way, due to this reason they can't be considered as maps. It is not suitable to portray these documents according to their detail (scale); it's better to portray them according to their resolution.

The available cartographic documents of every chosen area are grouped according to this classification. Next, their list appears on the navigator chart. In every thematic category the documents are sorted in relation to their scale and you will have to choose your wanted document among this list. Before deciding, it is necessary, too, that you examine carefully the features of every document of the list through its description.


 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

While we are attending enquires it's very common that confusion can arise between the meaning of a map which belongs to a collection and a map divided into different sheets. We will try to clarify this.

Regarding a collection of maps, we are talking about a group of maps with the same characteristics: dimensions, coloration, editor, etc.; but, a collection can contain maps on different scales and they will be catalogued separately. These collections don't cover the territory in a continual way through the annexation of the sheets. A typical collection has a variety of sheets covering uniform geographical areas but representing different subjects. However, when an only map is divided in sheets, the scale is common for all of them and the cartographied territory is covered in a continual way. However, sometimes a map can be divided into thousands of sheets but it will be catalogued as an only document.

In this version of the Catalogue the information relating to the division of maps into sheets or the representation of the documents on just one sheet, has been specified by a symbol. Before the description of the documents you can see:

means that the document is an alone sheet.
means that the document is divided in more than one sheet.

For future versions we will try to improve this information.


 

reference areas  |  navigation charts  |  geographical search  |  thematic ranks  |  the segmentation of the documents  |  reference elements

We have also expanded considerably the description of every document for making your search easier. Next, through an example, we will show you the elements of description used in a cartographic reference. These elements have been extracted from the ISBD (CM) rules according to the data bases of the Map Library.

 
 
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